New Pattern English Questions for Different Exams Quiz 12 (Cloze Test)

Cloze Test Quiz

Directions (1-15): In the passage given below there are blanks which are to be filled with the options given below. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering the meaning of the statement. 

A recent (1)……….. on evolution in Montreal posed to high-school students and university professors the following question: “Do you think that humans are still (2)…………?” Approximately 80% of the audience answered “no.” Indeed, there is an almost (3)…………belief that, with multifaceted cultures and (4)………… technology, humans have freed themselves from the (5)………… of (6)………… selection. Recent (7)……….., however, show otherwise. Far from providing (8)……….. against evolutionary pressures, culture often (9)……….. new ones. For example, the genes (10)……… with digestion of lactose are more (11)………… in populations that have (12)…………. bred cattle and consumed milk. In scientific reviews in Nature Genetics and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, the evolutionary biologist Stephen Stearns and his colleagues set out to (13)…………. that natural selection operates on contemporary humans. Supported by (14)……….. genealogies, including centuries of church and national health registries, their argument is (15)…………

Q.1 
(a) summon
(b) symposium
(c) conversation
(d) debate
(e) argument

Answer
1. (b) Sol. symposium– a conference or meeting held for the discussion of a particular topic.


Q.2 
(a) developing
(b) processing
(c) evolving
(d) evaluating
(e) growing

Answer
2. (c) Sol. evolving- that which is under transformation or a change


Q.3 
(a) spread over
(b) wide
(c) all-over
(d) all-rounder
(e) universal

Answer
3. (e) Sol. universal- common to all society; unlimited; vast; infinite; common to all the members of the group or class


Q.4 
(a) latent
(b) intricate
(c) intrinsic
(d) innate
(e) inherent

Answer
4. (b) Sol. intricate– having a great deal of fine detail or complexity


Q.5 
(a) pressures
(b) grievance
(c) compulsion
(d) depression
(e) hatred

Answer
5. (a) Sol. pressures– a force above someone/something


Q.6 
(a) bogus
(b) forced
(c) natural
(d) hackneyed
(e) spontaneous

Answer
6. (c) Sol. natural– pertaining to the characteristics of nature


Q.7 
(a) results
(b) consequences
(c) explorations
(d) findings
(e) examinations

Answer
7. (d) Sol. findings– results of research or an investigation


Q.8 
(a) cure
(b) safety
(c) security
(d) resilience
(e) immunity

Answer
8. (e) Sol. immunity– the state of being insusceptible (unlikely to be affected by something/someone); a resistance to a specific thing


Q.9 
(a) manufactures
(b) creates
(c) organizes
(d) releases
(e) hatch

Answer
9. (b) Sol. creates– generates


Q.10 
(a) followed
(b) combines
(c) associated
(d) preceded
(e) made

Answer
10. (c) Sol. associated– in a close relation with


Q.11 
(a) ranking
(b) winning
(c) residing
(d) pre-pondering
(e) prevalent

Answer
11. (e) Sol. prevalent– dominant


Q.12 
(a) generally
(b) instantly
(c) practically
(d) traditionally
(e) hardly

Answer
12. (d) Sol. traditionally– pertaining to traditions or conventions


Q.13
(a) shine
(b) demonstrate
(c) visualize
(d) animate
(e) exhibit

Answer
13. (b) Sol. demonstrate– to show or display


Q.14  
(a) proved
(b) contracting
(c) intrinsic
(d) intensive
(e) extensive

Answer
14. (e) Sol. extensive– serving to extend or lengthen


Q.15 
(a) convincing
(b) forcing
(c) compelling
(d) pressurizing
(e) instigating

Answer
15. (a) Sol. convincing– persuading